PHP provides comprehensive and intensive care so that a person can overcome their addiction to alcohol or drugs and simultaneously deal with the deep-seated reasons that led them to substance use. This program is also suitable for individuals who have family obligations, like taking care of elderly family members or children, job, and social commitments making them unable to commit to a residential program.
A PHP is also known as a day program and offers intensive treatment for substance abuse issues without requiring an individual to stay overnight at the treatment center. These are different from the standard outpatient programs as they demand considerably more time from the patient for the treatment process. A patient enrolled with in a PHP is medically supervised for the length of their stay at the facility and during that time, they also take part in multiple evidence-based therapies, and is offered comprehensive care for dealing with substance abuse while still allowing the individual the freedom of living their life outside of treatment.
A residential or an inpatient program requires the patient to stay in residence in the treatment facility for the length of their treatment. This way, a patient is under round-the-clock medical supervision. A person spends most of his day in different types of treatment interventions to receive the highest level of comprehensive care. Further, the patient is allowed minimum and controlled contact with the outside world so that they can focus solely on their recovery.
Intensive outpatient program (IOP) is not as long as PHPs. A patient enrolled in an IOP needs to spend fewer hours at the treatment facility (2 to 4 hours per day for 3 to 4 days a week), compared to a PHP where a patient spends significantly more time (4 to 6 hours per day, and sometimes, even 8 hours per day for 5 to 7 days a week). In a way, a PHP is a step-up from an IOP and a step-down from a residential or inpatient program. One can get into a PHP after taking an inpatient program and then taper into an IOP.
On the other hand, sometimes, a person enrolled in an IOP might feel that they need additional monitoring, care, and structure which is usually offered in a PHP. In such cases, they may be advised by a medical professional to advance into a PHP. In comparison to an IOP, PHP offers more time to explore and deal with issues related to an addiction.