IOP is best-suited for individuals who require frequent intervention and counseling for their substance use or co-occurring disorders, but do not want to leave the comfort of their home or give up the job or life they are leading. Though, an IOP may be more appropriate for some people, the final decision lies with a qualified medical specialist who conducts a complete assessment of the patient before deciding the treatment option. The assessment is conducted during admissions which helps the medical practitioner tailor the treatment program for the individual.
A patient is usually recommended IOP when:
In case of an inpatient or a residential stay, individuals struggling with addiction or co-occurring disorders receive treatment at a live-in facility. During their stay, patients undergo an difficult treatment program comprising detoxification, psychotherapy, and counselling sessions under the controlled care of a trained medical team accessible 24/7. Further, the patients are allowed limited but monitored contact with the outside world during their stay.
In comparison to an inpatient program, in an IOP, patients undertake treatment while continuing with their jobs, staying with their families, and going about their day-to-day activities. Treatment at an IOP center helps individuals who have recovered from an addiction to adapt themselves back into the society, while being constantly inspired and encouraged to stay sober.
What makes an IOP unique is the methodology of treatment. During IOP, as soon as the patient finishes detox or is discharged, they are encouraged to appear at treatment program meetings. These programs offer structure and support which help in preventing relapse.
The fundamental characteristic of an IOP is that the sessions are conducted in small groups to facilitate empathy, support, and understanding that develops from shared experiences. The IOP group meetings are conducted at least four days a week and are intense with sessions lasting for a few hours at a time. Throughout the meetings, members usually talk about the success of the previous day, share personal experiences, and are advised on subjects ranging from coping strategies to deal with the triggers and approaches that would help avoid a relapse.
IOP also involves families which adds to its high success rate. By adding family support, the group makes it easier for an individual to gain recovery. Compared to other therapy-based treatment options and outpatient counseling programs, IOP has a higher success rate as a long-term treatment option.